Photoshop
Photoshop will become your darkroom!
Below are question we will need to be able to answer as we work in Photoshop. Photoshop is a huge program and we will only begin to know the whole program as we work through this class
below we will divide the class into sections to learn parts. Please use the links below and the INTERNET to answer your questions. By the end of next week you will teach the class your answers to these questions.

How will you do this?
Please use the links below and the INTERNET to answer your questions. Ask me questions, use the links provided, use the help menu. Do the best job you can as you will be answering the questions here. When you know the answer you will type the information directly to this page, in any color other than black. At the end of the week we will have a set of class notes for everyone to use.
If you copy and paste info from a site please Create links to sites with good information and describe the information you get here.
Basic Beginning Tutorials

PhotoShop Videos
Color correction and Depth of Field
Photoshop and printing

Photoshop Notes Photo 1 Fall 2009

1. How to open Photoshop? SD
2. How to create a new document /change the size/dimensions? SD
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How to save the document? Go to file: click save and then name it, or you could do the combination control s which saves the document automatically.
4 How to save a copy and when to do so?
To save a copy go to file: save as and then rename it. You should save a copy when you edit your image so you have the original document just in case you would like to change something and need the original photo.
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Document size and its affect on usage (web vs. print?) DD
If the document or picture file is at a large size some web sites won’t use it because it won’t fit on the web pages, or it will take up most of the space on the web site. The most common number used to is 72 for web size. Also if you are going to print a picture that you need to be a larger file size make sure it is in the highest quality so that it won’t be pixilated when it prints. The most common sizes used are from 300 pixels and up for printing your image
6 How to resize an image? DN
After you open an image in photoshop, click on ‘image’ at the top of the screen. On the dropdown menu click ‘Image size’ or you can use the keyboard shortcut, Alt+ctrl+I. Make sure that the constrain proportions option is selected, unless you want your image distorted. Under ‘document size’ you can change the height, width, and resolution of an image.
7 How to copy/paste/and cut? DN
Use any selection tool, click and drag to select an area. There are cut, copy, and paste options under the ‘edit’ option at the top of the screen or you can use the keyboard shortcuts to copy, paste, or cut. Ctrl+C copies, Ctrl+V pastes, and Ctrl+X cuts.
8 How to transform/rotate/and skew? DL
Answer: There are a few ways of performing each function. First, we’ll try transform.
The first way of using the transform function is by selecting a portion on your image, and hitting CTRL+T. That’s the easiest way, but it can also be done by going up to the top under “Select.” Then hit “Transform Selection.” You will be allowed to stretch your selected portion whichever way you do it.
You can also select a portion, right click, and hit “Free Transform” (or “Transform Selection”; they’re the same thing) to transform your portion.
The most efficient way to transform is by hitting “Edit” at the top, and selecting “Transform” (right under “Free Transform”). From there, you can select different ways of transforming.
Scale: Stretches the portion.
Rotate: Rotates the portion. The portion rotates around the target in the middle, however the target can be moved anywhere around the screen to get different rotation results. Under Edit -> Transform, an image can be rotated in certain directions. You can also go under “Image” and then hit “Image Rotation” to get the same result.
Skew: Changes the position of any angle of the selected portion. This will also cause the interfering sides to change location, but all the other sides will remain unchanged, unlike scale which causes the parallel side to also change. Skew itself means that the image is not facing directly at you.
Distort: Changes the length of any side of the selected portion. This will also cause the interfering sides to change location.
Perspective: Authorizes user to change the size of any side. This will cause the interfering sides to change length too. For an example, if you had a rectangle, and you use the perspective function to change the length, the rectangle will turn into a trapezoid, and the portion you selected will be skewed.

Warp: Probably the best function. It’s so lenient with what you can do, it’s hard to explain. Warp allows you to turn a picture around, and skew it any way you want to.
9 How to step forward/backward/undo? DL

Answer: The forward and backward options allow you to go to different commands that were used. Going “backward” under ALT+CTRL+Z (Or Edit -> Step Backward), allows you to go back to the last confirmed action. Undoing an image, by pressing CTRL-Z, reverts back to the last updated page before Step Backward was ever used. Going forward (SHIFT+CTRL+Z or Edit -> Step Forward) obviously allows you to go to the action performed after. For an example, if I performed a rotation translation, then a warp translation, and then a skew translation, going backward would undo to when the warp translation was performed, hitting it again would go back to when the rotation translation was performed. From here, you can either step forward, which redoes the warp translation, or hit undo, which reverts back to the skew translation.
Backward: ALT+CTRL+Z
Forward: SHIFT+CTRL+Z
Undo: CTRL+Z

10 How to fill/stroke? KJ
Fill: You can fill with two different tools. The first one is fairly easy to locate. If you go to the "Gradient" too, right click. Two choices should pop up, one of them being the paint bucket tool. Pick your color and click an area that you want filled. There is also a second option. Choose a background or foreground color from the toolbox. Select an area to fill. Then, go to "Edit-Fill". You can choose colors and patterns from there, and if you don't like it, then the "History" option will have your original. You can also adjust the opacity and blending modes from there.
Stroke: Go to "Edit-Stroke" and select an path to stroke. On the dialog box, choose the width of the border. Specify in the "Location" area whether you want it to be outside, inside, or on the selected path. You can also manage opacity from here.

11 How to change preferences? KJ
You can change preferences easily. If you go to "Edit", you scroll all the way down to the bottom of that column and click "Preferences". From there you can edit basically anything you want.

12 What is a layer and how it works? MK
A layer in photoshop is an image stacked one on top of another. Each layer is a different transparent image, but they appear as one on the screen.

In CS4 on the top navigation bar go to layers, new layer, and then name and chose the color of the layer you would like.
Or
To create a new layer, go to the layers palette you just created and click the “new layer” icon , which is the icon second from the right at the bottom. You can use the lasso tool and copy any part of your background and then paste it back into the picture again, which will show up on your layers tool bar( as a new layer option).


13 How to do I know what layer is active? MK
You know which layer is active by looking at the “layer tool bar” in the right hand bottom corner and whichever is highlighted blue is your active layer.

14 How do I open the following palettes Tools, layers, colors, navigator, and history? HH

· Select “Window” in the 2nd upper most navigation bar
· In the drop down menu, below “extensions” ,are all of the available palettes that you can select and have appear on your main screen
Once you have selected your desired palette, you can move it’s palette screen by clicking the top of its screen and dragging it to where you want it placed



15 How to do I dock and undock palettes? TO
16 How to do I change Mode and what is the difference between RGB and CMYK? KL

Open an image in photoshop. At the top of the page, on the navigation bar look for the drop down menu Image click it, and look for the word mode, There are many options but we will be working mostly in RGB and grayscale.
The difference between RBG and CMKY is the fact that RBG is a subtractive color system and CMKY is and additive color system. Meaning that RGB starts with black and ends with white, while CMKY starts with white and ends with black.

17 How to make adjustments to an image? KL

For adjustments, there should automatically be a palette over top the layer palette on the right side of your screen. If there is not an adjustments palette there, go to the top navigation bar, over to window and click adjustments, it should appear. This will add a new layer to your layers to adjust what you want to adjust, so if you mess up or it’s not what you want you can delete the layer and return to the original image.


18 What is the exposure setting and how do I use it? DD
The exposure setting is a setting that can change how much light can go into or take out of the photo so its clearer and it captures how you want someone to see the picture. You change the exposure by going under the adjustments palette and clicking the choice of “exposure” and adjust it anyway that you would like. This setting can totally change the outlook and exposure of a certain image.
19.Define exposure, offset, and gamma correction?
Exposure: Adjusts the highlight end of the total scale with minimal effect in extreme shadows. Offset: Darkens the shadows and midtones with minimal effect on the highlights. Gamma: Adjusts the image gamma using a simple power function. The negative values are mirrored around zero which is when they remain negative but still get adjusted as if they were positive.

20 How do I resize a document? TO
21 How do I rotate the canvas? HH
· Select “Image” in the 2nd upper most navigation bar
· Scroll down to “Image Rotation”, and select desired rotation( 180, 90CW, 90CCW, flip canvas horizontal, flip canvas vertical)

22 How do I mirror an image? MP
((Photoshop 911))
1.Press ctrl A to select the picture.
2. Go to Edit, Transform.
3. Under transform, select Flip Horizontal
.

23 What is a jpeg document? MP
((University of Indiana University Information Technology Services))
A jpeg file compresses images to save file space. In order to do this, the jpg compression analyzes pictures in groups of 64 pixels and reduces the detail. This means that it takes out separate colors, mixing pixels that are close in color so that they are the same. The less color reduces quality, but takes less space to save. It works on the theory that people notice less change in color than, say, brightness. When it compresses more, one can actually see the block pattern, making it look pixilated. If one uses jpeg, one can keep the image size the same and decrease the disk space it takes up, but the image quality will be worse.


24 How do I set the foreground and background colors in the tool palette? MC
25 Tell me three ways I can zoom or zoom out on a document I am working on? MC
24. The Foreground color is activated by the foreground color icon. To switch the foreground and background colors, click the small arrows next to the foreground and background color boxes. You can choose new foreground and background tools by clicking once in either the foreground or background box to bring up the color picker.

25. When you are working in photoshop there are three ways to zoom in and out on a photo. Left click the “magnifying glass” to select the tool in the toolbox. Click on the actual pixels icon to display the photo in its original size. Use “fill screen” icon to preset to fill the image to the screen.


26 . How to dock and undock a palette ?
To dock and undock a palette, first you must open the palettes that you want to use. To find the palette you want to open first go to Window, and then click on the palette you want to use.
Once the pallets are open you may use them. To undock or move a palette you click on the palette title and drag it to where you want it.
To dock the palette you click on the double arrow in the top right hand corner of the palette you want to dock.

27. How to activate a palette? EF
28. Tell me the up side and the down side of saving an image in jpeg format? EF
The upside of saving a file in jpeg format is that it has a less file size. The downside of using jpeg format is that they don’t take multiple edits very well, meaning the picture loses quality every time it is adjusted and becomes pixilated.
29. How do I create a mask and what is it good for? PL
To create a mask you must select the quick mask application at the bottom of the left hand toolbar then make sure the foreground color is black then select the paintbrush and paint the area you would like to change. this is good for hiding or covering up layers in a photo.
30. What is cropping and how is that different than cutting? PL
Cropping is when you select an area inside a photo and get rid of the rest of the photo, it is different from cutting because cutting is used to remove the subject matter from a picture.
31. Describe the second set of tools on the tool palette to the right as you open Photoshop and the uses these tools?
32. Describe the third set of tools on the tool palette to the right as you open Photoshop and the uses of these tools?
33. How to activate a palette how do I close a palette?
34. Describe the four last tools on the tool palette to the left as you open Photoshop and the uses of these tools?
35. Describe the difference between vector and raster graphics and which tools on the tool bar correspond to vector.

Vector based graphics are based on geometrical calculations. Raster based graphics are based on a grid of pixels.
Vector based graphics can be enlarged to any size without pixilation but file size is very large
Raster Graphics Get pixilated when enlarging to much but file size is manageable
36. What happens to the tool bar directly below the top navigation bar as you select tools? Be ready to show examples
37. Describe the process of how I change the color of an object? CD
First you go to the adjustments palette on the right hand side of the screen then click on the hue/saturation button. This allows you to change the hue of the photo, the saturation, and also the light or darkness of the photo by scrolling the arrow back and forth.
38. What is the history palette? How is it used?
39.
What is the navigator palette? How is it used?
40.
How do I select an object and the shortcut for the following Copy, Past, Cut, De-select, Transform, Select all? CD First you would go to the tool palette on the left hand side of the screen. The first three buttons will allow you to select an object. If you click the first button you can select different shapes out of the photo to edit. The second button enables you to outline the area that you want to specifically change. The third button is the wand which selects larger parts of the photo little by little and allows you to alter them after they've been selected.


Week Two Rubric

Grading

What to do

Value

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Create a second link on your personal wiki page. Make sure it is above the first link. Call it (insert your initials) week two. ex vkweektwo please put the link to your new page above your first assignment on your home page

Also create a week two album in Photo bucket please name it week two with your initials in front (ex vkweektwo)
Create a link in week two wiki page to that album make sure that you have permissions open so I can view it
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2
Copy and paste this rubric at the bottom of your week two wiki page.
In addition create a link to your photo bucket week two folder.
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4
Take 20 Pictures and up load them to your wkt album in photo bucket don't forget the link (on your week two page as I cannot grade unless you create a link to the assignment. Name Photos with the your initials and wkt . ex VKWKT1, VKWKT2,VKWKT3
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Answer the Questions you were assigned above in a word document. Print out your answers and meet with me by Wednesday September 16th. When they are approved please edit this page and put your answers (answers only)under the coresponding question above and don't forget to site the sources you used. Spelling and grammar count

Be prepared Monday to demonstrate your knowledge of the answer to the class. =You will teach the class with what you learn=
These will become notes for the whole class. So do your job well!
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Complete assignment by Friday September 17 th, 2009.
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